Beginning in 1607 there was a steady flow of Europeans crossing the ocean to live in America. This flow of immigrants really became massive after 1862, when the Homestead Act was passed and immigrants could obtain cheap land to farm on, and because of the enormous economic growth that started after the end of the Civil War. Between 1892 and 1922, 22 million Europeans immigrated to America. In that period the ones that landed in New York were registered at Ellis Island.
My grandfather was born Mihaly Fuzi in Kapuvar, Hungary September 28, 1888. He sailed on the ship called the Zeeland for eleven days arriving at Ellis Island on February 21, 1906. He joined his brother, Istvan, who had arrived September 28, 1904 and went on to Perrysville, Pennsylvania. Both of them later changed their names to the American versions, Michael and Steven but kept the original surname.
He met my grandmother in church sometime after that and they married March 22, 1909. They stayed in Pennsylvania for the first five years of their marriage where their first two children were born. The Homestead Laws that were enacted at this time lured them to the Oregon country. They moved their family by train to Brogan, Oregon in 1914. In Brogan they secured a buggy and team to complete their journey to Malheur City, Oregon. They selected 640 acres near Malheur City to homestead. The usual procedure of clearing the land of sagebrush and establishing permanent buildings was entered into. He became a US citizen August 27, 1919.
I never knew my paternal grandfather. In fact my father never knew his father. He was killed when struck by lightening while working on the ranch when my dad was only two years old. My grandmother was pregnant with their ninth child when this happened.
~To be continued......